On June 10, 2020, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy published the latest version of the National Hydrogen Strategy. This is intended to provide the framework for the future generation, transport, use, and reuse of hydrogen and thus for corresponding innovations and investments.
The goals highlighted include 1. Establishing hydrogen technologies as core elements of the energy transition and decarbonizing them with the help of renewable energies; 2. To create the regulatory prerequisites for the market launch of hydrogen technologies.; 3. Strengthen German companies and their competitiveness by pushing research and development and technology export to innovative hydrogen technologies.; 4. To secure and design the future national supply of CO2-free hydrogen and its follow-up points.
It is much more important, however, that the BMWi has created the prerequisites for achieving the 2030 climate targets. This focuses on the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius if possible. Also, Germany has committed itself to the goal of greenhouse neutrality by 2050.
Hydrogen offers the potential of lasting sustainability, provided that renewable energies generate electricity. This electricity can be stored in gaseous form in pressure containers and liquid in vacuum-sealed containers utilizing hydrogen for months.
Domestic hydrogen production is indispensable for the market ramp-up of hydrogen technologies and their export. For this, the generation capacities, especially wind and photovoltaics, must be increased consistently.
Areas of application will be industry, transport, and the heating market. While the potential for producing hydrogen is limited in Germany,
There is great potential in developing hydrogen into a global commodity, a new global market. This would open up new export opportunities for hydrogen technologies to the German industry.
The goal must be to create a market framework for the economical production and purchase of climate-neutral gasses in Europe, focusing on questions of infrastructure, combined sources of origin, and sustainability for climate-neutral gases.